英字新聞を読み解く!!!Vol.67難易度★★★★☆

英字新聞を読むには各単語の形式を知ることが大事!

英語を勉強し始めたばかりの段階だと、教材と違って英字新聞を読むのはかなり難しいと思います。それぞれの新聞が独自の書き方をもっていたりもするので。なので、僕が補足をつけながら、英字新聞を読むのお手伝いしようと思います。教材の文法には慣れたけど英字新聞はまだ苦手という、初級ー中級あたりの人用の解説です。

何回も言いますが、新聞を読むためには各々の単語が名詞(noun)なのか、形容詞(adjective)なのか、副詞(adverb)なのかがめちゃくちゃ大事になってきます!文法はほんっっっっっっとうに大事です!!!一緒に一つずつやっていきましょう!僕の勉強がわりにもなっているので、僕が知っていることは飛ばしていたりします。なので、何かわからないことがあれば気軽にコメントください。できるだけ答えます!よろしくお願いします 😉

全文はこちらをクリック!↓

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-4962110/Cancer-survivor-tattoos-breasts-mastectomy.html?ito=social-facebook

まずはざっと読んでみてください。難易度は★★★★☆です!

読み終わったら、下の単語の解説と照らし合わせながら読んでいってみてください!よろしくです 😉

それでは英字新聞 読解スタートです!

‘Every time I look in the mirror I feel pretty’: Cancer survivor has flowers tattooed across her breasts to ‘reclaim her body’ after a double mastectomy

mastectomy 乳房[腺]切除(術)です。

・Allyson Lynch, 30, from Philadelphia diagnosed with breast cancer at 26

・Had a bilateral mastectomy but didn’t want fake nipples tattooed afterwards

・Decided to get inking of flowers and pink ribbon to reclaim her body

Wants young survivors to see that cancer doesn’t make you less of a woman

To reclaim (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to get something back that someone has taken from you “というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

His ambition is to reclaim the world championship title.

Have you calculated how much tax you can reclaim?

You’ll be able to reclaim the tax on all equipment that you buy.

I reclaimed my suitcase from the lost luggage office.

inking (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” someone who says that they do not approve of someone or something  と記載されていますね。

例文:

Jodie has a sleeve of inkings all over her left arm.

A young breast cancer survivor is on a mission to prove that cancer doesn’t make you ‘un-sexy’ after baring her mastectomy tattoos.

Hairstylist and model, Allyson Lynch, 30, from Philadelphia was diagnosed with breast cancer when she was 26, after a self-examination where she noticed a lump that wasn’t there before.

‘I had some very dark moments and it was more challenging than I could have ever imagined. I wanted to give up at points, I said I would never do it again. I just cried, I cried every single day,’ she recalled.

‘Until, there was a day that I realised I hadn’t cried and I stopped asking ‘why me’. I found a strength I never thought I could possess. I learnt it was me because I could handle this, it was me because I am a strong wonder woman and you know what, I made it through hell once and I would do it again.’

Her battle inspired Allyson to get her stunning tattoos instead of fake nipples on her breasts.

What seemed like the right choice for me was getting a beautiful tattoo. That made me feel like me, it’s like permanent lingerie,’ she said.

Every time I look in the mirror I feel pretty. It helps get over the loss of my breasts, it was my way of taking back what cancer took away. I was reclaiming my body.’

‘I had tattoos before cancer was even a thought in my mind I had always loved the beauty behind tattoos. So, when I knew I was having a mastectomy I didn’t really see the point of getting fake nipples that serve no purpose.’ 

To bare (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to remove something that hides or covers something such as a part of your body “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

He pulled the shirt up, baring his injuries.

The men bared their heads as they entered the church.

The dog growled and bared its teeth.

lump (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a solid piece of something that does not have a regular shape ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

a lump of cheese/butter/meat

a lump of metal/coal/concrete

Stir the sauce to get rid of any lumps.

She found a lump under her arm.

To possess (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to have or own something, or to have a particular quality ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Kate is a woman who possesses a rare intelligence.

We’re trying to bring out the artistic talents that many people possess without realizing it.

She had already sold everything of value that she possessed.

see the point of 

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to understand the importance of or the reason for something ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

They couldn’t see the point of more training.

serve no purpose 

意味がない、役に立たないという意味です。

例文:

Another meeting would serve absolutely no purpose.

This conversation can serve no purpose anymore.

These small village shops serve a very useful purpose.

After seeing her mother survive breast cancer, Allyson knew the importance of early diagnosis, and after ignoring the lump for a few days went to see her doctor who confirmed she had cancer. 

diagnosisは名詞、diagnoseは動詞です。

Following her diagnosis, Allyson had a bilateral mastectomy with spacers put in place and then endured 16-rounds of gruelling chemotherapy over 20-weeks in which time she was unable to work. 

Prior to starting chemo, she had to make a decision no twenty-something should have to make; whether or not she should harvest her eggs.

twenty-something は、ここでは20代やそこらの娘です。

Many of the chemo side effects such as fever, losing her nails and crippling pain throughout her body were uncontrollable but Allyson decided to take control of her hair loss and held a head shaving party before treatment commenced.

To endure (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” (EXPERIENCE) to suffer something difficult, unpleasant, or painful ” というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

We had to endure a nine-hour delay at the airport.

She’s already had to endure three painful operations on her leg.

gruelling (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” very difficult and involving a lot of continuous effort ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

a gruelling twelve mile race

the President’s gruelling schedule

Junior doctors often have to work a gruelling 100-hour week.

He eventually won the match after five gruelling sets.

Prior to

Cambridge Dictionary によると” before something happened or existed ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The questions had been asked prior to my arrival.

The plane seemed to catch fire a few seconds prior to taking off.

the weeks prior to her death

twentysomething (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person between 20 and 29 years old “と記載されていますね。

例文:

Many of today’s twentysomethings would rather work part time.

To harvest (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to take cells or other body parts from someone for medical use というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

The donor organ is harvested at the accident scene and rushed to a hospital.

There is a lot of controversy surrounding the harvesting of stem cells.

crippling (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” causing severe damage or problems “と記載されていますね。

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

crippling (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make someone physically disabled, especially unable to walk “と記載されていますね。

例文:

The accident crippled him.

To commence (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to begin something というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

We will commence building work in August of next year.

Shall we let the meeting commence?

Unfortunately, he commenced speaking before all the guests had finished eating.

In December 2015, she underwent breast reconstruction surgery. Allyson decided to get tattoos over her mastectomy scars, reclaiming what cancer stole from her which finally made her feel beautiful again.

‘Immediately life turned upside-down. I was faced with a lot of big decisions I never thought I would even have to consider before thirty and all I could think was I wanted this thing out of me,’ she said.

‘The great staff at the hospital helped ease my mind and get me set up with health coverage. I ended up being BRCA1+ and opted for a bilateral mastectomy for peace of mind.

scar (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a permanent mark on your skin where you have been injured ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

He has a scar under his left eye.

That burn will leave a bad scar.

He had a long scar across his cheek.

To ease (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to make or become less severe, difficult, unpleasant, painful, etc. と記載されていますね。

例文:

Sometimes a mild painkiller is enough to ease the pain.

Colleagues are trying to ease the pressure she is under at work.

These pills should ease the pain.

coverage (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” financial protection so that you get money if something bad happens: ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

They have a national program that provides health/medical coverage for every citizen.

There is no coverage for expenses under $5 000.

I’ve got $50,000 worth of coverage for the contents of my house.

To opt (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make a choice or decision from a range of possibilities ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Mike opted for early retirement.

Most people opt to have the operation.

Instead of a soft drink, she opted for water.

He opted out of the health insurance plan (= chose not to be a part of it).

Many students opt for business studies simply because it sounds like a passport to a good job.

peace of mind (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a feeling of calm or not being worried というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

For my peace of mind, please check that the door is locked.

With this type of insurance, you’re buying peace of mind.

‘Initially I thought I had caught it early enough and I could just have surgery, reconstruction, and get back to life. Unfortunately, that wasn’t the case.

初めは十分早い段階で自分がガンだということを知れ、手術とリコンストラクションをし、生活に戻れると思っていたと訳せます。

‘I was also faced with something I never realised was an issue, fertility, which I then found out harvesting your eggs was very costly and not covered by insurance. All I ever wanted was to be a mom and I didn’t want to lose the chance to carry my own baby.

‘I would be losing all my hair, so, to take control of something I decided to have a head shaving party before it all started to fall out. I didn’t want to see clumps of hair in my hand.

‘Some of my closest friends and family shaved their heads with me, a memory I will never forget.

costly (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” expensive, especially too expensive ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

a costly item

a costly purchase

This procedure can be very costly.

Changing your company’s management style can be a costly business.

clump (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a mass of a substance と記載されていますね。

例文:

a clump of hair/earth

There were big clumps of soil on his boots.

‘Treatment was very difficult, getting out of bed was extremely painful at times, and I ended up hospitalised twice.

‘Pain like I have never experienced in my life, my whole body hurt, nothing was comfortable, even the softest blanket felt like rocks. I was nauseous all the time. Eventually nothing tasted good, I loaded salt and sugar on everything trying to make it palatable.

‘I lost all my hair, everywhere, believe it or not nose hair is actually very helpful. I had nose bleeds. And even after treatment was over the side effects didn’t stop and it took a long time for my body to get back to normal and shortly after my last dose of chemotherapy all of my finger and toenails fell off.

To hospitalize (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to take someone to hospital and keep them there for treatment ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

His wife‘s been hospitalized for depression.

Did he have to be hospitalized?

She needs to be hospitalized immediately.

To hurt (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to feel pain somewhere in your body ” ” to cause physical pain or injury “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

Fred’s knees hurt after skiing all day.

Tell me where it hurts.

My head hurts.

You’re hurting my arm! These new boots hurt.

nauseous (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” feeling as if you might vomit というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

Roller coasters make me feel nauseous.

He felt nauseous and dehydrated.

a nauseous smell

the nauseous smell of rotting flesh

To load (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put a load onto or into something such as a vehicle or container ” ” to put something into a piece of equipment so that it is ready to use “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

They are loading the truck now.

She loaded my plate with grapes and plums.

Did you load the dishwasher?

They loaded the lorry with potatoes.

How long will it take to load this sand onto the lorry?

He loaded the DVD into the player.

My camera is loaded with a colour film.

palatable (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” tasting good enough to eat or drink と記載されていますね。

例文:

a very palatable wine

The meal was barely palatable.

One thing positive I was able to make happen for myself after completing chemotherapy was getting tattooed. I took back and reclaimed what cancer had taken from me. My tattoo artist, John Pohl, brought my idea to life and tattooed over my mastectomy scars.’

After seeing family members battle cancer in the past, Allyson didn’t realise quite how difficult treatment would be until experiencing it first-hand. She even wanted to give up but found a strength inside her she didn’t know she had and says she would go through it all again.’

Now, Allyson hopes to be an inspiration and support for others going through treatment.

bring something to life 

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make something exciting or interesting ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

It’s always been an interesting period in history and this film really brought it to life.

a book that brings the subject to life

firsthand (adverb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If you experience something firsthand, you experience it yourself ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Most of the older reporters have experienced war firsthand.

He has firsthand experience of what war is like.

first-hand experience

first-hand information

‘I try to use my experience to be that person I needed when I was in treatment. I have always been very open about my journey especially on social media. I’ve been able to connect with quite a number of women,’ she said.

‘When diagnosed I constantly looked for somebody that I could relate to somebody that reminded me of myself that wasn’t the normal middle-aged woman you typically associate with breast cancer. I wanted to see someone young, edgy, and relatable.

‘When I find messages in my inbox from young women just starting out in their journey it breaks my heart but I am happy if I can make some sort of difference, it makes it feel as if the whole situation was worth something.

make some sort of differenceで、違いをもたらすという意味です。

‘I’ve been able to use my modelling to show people that cancer doesn’t stop you from being a woman, it doesn’t make you un-sexy, we are women and we are powerful.

‘Sometimes it takes a tragedy to push you into the person you were always meant to be.’

open (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used about someone who is honest and does not keep things secret というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

He has always been open about his drinking problem.

edgy (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” up-to-date, fashionable and cool – ‘cutting edge’ ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The edgiest new restaurant in town.

modelling (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the job of wearing clothes, jewellery, etc. in order to advertise them: と記載されていますね。

例文:

Ashley’s always wanted to go into modelling.

a modelling contract

be meant to be

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if something is meant to be, it seems certain to happen, usually because it has been decided by God or other forces that people believe cannot be controlled ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Oh well – it was just not meant to be.

最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です!(電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw)

これをしないと全然伸びていきません!

それではまた明日も更新していきます!

一緒に英語頑張りましょう!

また、英字新聞を読むメリットを僕なりにまとめましたので、時間がある方はこちらもみてみてくださいね!↓

28歳から英語の勉強を始めた僕が考える “英字新聞を読むメリット”

英字新聞を読むのって意味あるの!? 英字新聞で人気者になろう!

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