英字新聞を読み解く!!!Vol.23 難易度★★☆☆☆

英字新聞を読むには各単語の形式を知ることが大事!

英語を勉強し始めたばかりの段階だと、教材と違って英字新聞を読むのはかなり難しいと思います。それぞれの新聞が独自の書き方をもっていたりもするので。なので、僕が補足をつけながら、英字新聞を読むのお手伝いしようと思います。教材の文法には慣れたけど英字新聞はまだ苦手という、初級ー中級あたりの人用の解説です。

何回も言いますが、新聞を読むためには各々の単語が名詞(noun)なのか、形容詞(adjective)なのか、副詞(adverb)なのかがめちゃくちゃ大事になってきます!文法はほんっっっっっっとうに大事です!!!一緒に一つずつやっていきましょう!僕の勉強がわりにもなっているので、僕が知っていることは飛ばしていたりします。なので、何かわからないことがあれば気軽にコメントください。できるだけ答えます!よろしくお願いします 😉

  

全文はこちらをクリック!↓

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4767198/Probe-neo-Nazi-festival-German-town.html?ito=social-facebook

まずはざっと読んでみてください。難易度は★★☆☆☆です!

読み終わったら、下の単語の解説と照らし合わせながら読んでいってみてください!よろしくです 😉

それでは英字新聞 読解スタートです!

Probe after thousands of neo-Nazis wearing ‘I love Hitler’ T-shirts and screaming ‘heil’ invade German town for ‘Rock against Foreign Domination‘ festival

wearingとscreamingの箇所が形容的に使われています。

foreign dominationで国外からの支配ですね。

probe (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an attempt to discover information by asking a lot of questions ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

an FBI probe into corruption

The probe explored allegations of corruption in the police department.

To invade (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to enter a place, especially in large numbers or in a way that causes problems ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Hundreds of squatters have invaded waste land in the hope that they will be allowed to stay.

Prosecutors have launched a probe after 6,000 neo-Nazis descended on Themar

prosecutor (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Federal prosecutors intend to retry the case.

To launch (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to start a major activity such as a military attack, a public investigation, or a new career or project ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The police confirmed that an inquiry has been launched into the incident.

The programme was launched a year ago.

descend on (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if people descend on a person or a place, a lot of them arrive, often unexpectedly ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Crowds of tourists descended on the tiny church.

The police descended on the house in the early hours of the morning.

・Organisers staged ‘Rock against Foreign Domination’ gig in central German town

To stage (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to organize an event “と記載されていますね。

例文:

You cannot stage a Verdi opera without a chorus.

London staged the Olympic Games in 2012.

・Many were seen wearing ‘I love Hitler’ T-shirts and performing the Hitler salute

salute (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” 1 a formal signal that you make to show respect to someone, especially by putting your hand to your head ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The soldier gave a salute and the officer returned it.

Appalled residents had tried in vain to stop the event, in July, from happening

Appalled (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” offended or shocked very much by something, because it is extremely unpleasant or bad ” という意味です。

例文:

I was appalled by his arrogant attitude.

She was appalled to hear that her husband had been arrested.

resident (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone who lives in a particular place ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The local residents were angry at the lack of parking spaces.

The hotel bar was only open to residents (= to people staying at the hotel).

Thousands of foreign residents in Moscow are affected by the bill.

in vain

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” without success ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

We walked on, looking in vain for a taxi.

I tried in vain to start a conversation.

All the police’s efforts to find him were in vain.

A police probe is underway after thousands of neo-Nazis wearing ‘I love Hitler’ T-shirts and screaming ‘heil’ invaded a German town for a ‘Rock against Foreign Domination’ festival.

underway (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If something is underway, it is happening now ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Economic recovery is already underway.

It’s time to get this project underway (= started).

Rescue efforts are underway to find the lost climbers.

The film festival gets underway on 11 July .

The concert got underway at exactly 8.00.

More than 6,000 members of the extreme-right descended on Themar in the German state of Thuringia to watch 12 radical right-wing bands performing.

radical (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” believing or expressing the belief that there should be great or extreme social or political change と記載されていますね。

例文:

He was known as a radical thinker/politician.

These people have very radical views.

She described herself as a radical feminist.

Revellers were seen performing the Hitler salute and breaking Germany’s strict anti-Nazi laws which forbids the use of symbols of ‘unconstitutional organisations’ or ‘re-engagement in National Socialist activities’.

reveller (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone who enjoys themselves at a lively and noisy party or celebration by dancing, singing, and drinking alcohol と記載されていますね。

例文:

On New Year’s Eve, thousands of revellers fill Trafalgar Square.

To forbid (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to state that something is not allowed, according to a rule, law, or custom と記載されていますね。

例文:

The law forbids the sale of cigarettes to people under the age of 16.

He is forbidden from leaving the country.

According to police, the event, on July 15, was relatively peaceful, with officers using the tactic of ‘deescalation’ to keep the peace.

relatively (adverb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” in comparison with someone or something similar と記載されていますね。

例文:

Relatively few women become airline pilots.

a relatively small basement flat

These people are living on relatively low incomes.

tactic (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a particular method or plan for achieving something ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

She had often used the tactic of threatening to resign.

These bomb attacks represent a change of tactics by the terrorists.

deescalation (noun)

Cambridge Dictionary によるとescalationの意味は” the process of becoming greater or more serious, or a particular situation when this happens:  と記載されていますね。deが付いているのでその反対の言葉になります。

例文:

the escalation of prices

an escalation in violence

military escalation

Authorities in of the state of Thuringia said it was the biggest nationwide event in the neo-Nazi scene.

authorities (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the police or people in other official organizations with legal power to make people obey laws or rules “と記載されていますね!

例文:

The French authorities have refused to issue him a visa.

The girl told the authorities that she had been kidnapped from her home.

nationwide (adjective/adverb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” in all parts of a country “と記載されていますね!

例文:

a nationwide protest/strike

The company employs 20,000 people nationwide.

a nationwide survey/referendum

Police have launched a nationwide hunt for the killer.

Visitors were dressed in t-shirts with slogans such as ‘I love Hitler’ and ‘Sturm auf Themar’ (‘assault on Themar’).

In images taken from the large tent on the festival ground, hundreds of concert visitors did the Hitler salute along with shouts of ‘Heil!’ while posters showing Nazi soldiers were visible on the walls.

along with = andです。

The public prosecutor has in the meantime opened an investigation.

public prosecutor (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” in the UK, a lawyer who works for the government and tries to prove that someone has done something illegal. The usual American word is district attorney. “と記載されていますね!

meantime (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” during the time between two events or between the present time and a future event “と記載されていますね!

例文:

Rick wants to be an actor, but in the meantime he’s working as a waiter.

Your teacher will be here soon. In the meantime, can you get on with some reading, please?

The school will have to be rebuilt. In the meantime, teachers are using portable classrooms.

The government waits for an economic miracle while, in the meantime, whole industries collapse.

Six people were provisionally arrested and 32 criminal offences were registered for the use of signs of anti-constitutional organisations, property damage, illegal drug use and verbal abuse.

provisionally (adverb)

provisionalの副詞系です。provisionalはMacmillan Dictionaryによると” intended to be temporary, and likely to be changed when other arrangements are made “と記載されていますね!

例文:

We’ve made a provisional reservation for next week.

a provisional government

These dates are only provisional.

I was provisionally accepted at Stanford.

To register (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to put information, especially your name, into an official list or record “と記載されていますね!

例文:

a registered nurse/charity/trademark

Only registered voters can be picked for jury selection.

Have you registered for the English exam yet?

The citizens of Themar, which has a population of just 3,000, tried in vain to stop the concert but two separate courts ruled in favour of the neo-Nazis saying they had the freedom to organise the gig.

in favour of (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” supporting a person or an idea, proposal etc that you believe is right “と記載されていますね!

例文:

Are you in favour of a ban on smoking?

I’m not in favour of hitting children.

The event was held on grounds belonging to a former member of the far-right AfD party (Alternatives for Germany).

belong to (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to be owned by someone “と記載されていますね!

例文:

The car belongs to the woman next door.

Who does this bag belong to?

This book belongs to Sarah.

You shouldn’t take what doesn’t belong to you.

Around 500 citizens and anti-fascist protesters held a small protest against the concert with slogans such as ‘out with the brown plague‘.

The local hotel closed during the concert as it refused to offer neo-Nazis accommodation.

plague (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” any serious disease that spreads quickly to a lot of people and usually ends in death “と記載されていますね!

例文:

Millions died of (the) plague.

To offer (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to let someone know that you will give them something if they want it “と記載されていますね!

文法的にgiveと同じ形式で使われます。

例文:

They haven’t offered me the job yet.

Can I offer you (= Would you like) something to drink?

He had offered cocaine to an undercover police officer.

最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です!(電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw)

これをしないと全然伸びていきません!

それではまた明日も更新していきます!

一緒に英語頑張りましょう!

また、英字新聞を読むメリットを僕なりにまとめましたので、時間がある方はこちらもみてみてくださいね!↓

28歳から英語の勉強を始めた僕が考える “英字新聞を読むメリット”

英字新聞を読むのって意味あるの!? 英字新聞で人気者になろう!

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