英字新聞を読み解く!!!Vol.21 難易度★★★☆☆

英字新聞を読むには各単語の形式を知ることが大事!

英語を勉強し始めたばかりの段階だと、教材と違って英字新聞を読むのはかなり難しいと思います。それぞれの新聞が独自の書き方をもっていたりもするので。なので、僕が補足をつけながら、英字新聞を読むのお手伝いしようと思います。教材の文法には慣れたけど英字新聞はまだ苦手という、初級ー中級あたりの人用の解説です。

何回も言いますが、新聞を読むためには各々の単語が名詞(noun)なのか、形容詞(adjective)なのか、副詞(adverb)なのかがめちゃくちゃ大事になってきます!文法はほんっっっっっっとうに大事です!!!一緒に一つずつやっていきましょう!僕の勉強がわりにもなっているので、僕が知っていることは飛ばしていたりします。なので、何かわからないことがあれば気軽にコメントください。できるだけ答えます!よろしくお願いします 😉

全文はこちらをクリック!↓

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-4761454/Animated-movie-Heartbeat-racks-millions-views.html?ito=social-facebook

まずはざっと読んでみてください。難易度は★★★☆☆です!

読み終わったら、下の単語の解説と照らし合わせながら読んでいってみてください!よろしくです 😉

それでは英字新聞 読解スタートです!

‘This is a masterpiece’: Tear-jerking short movie about the struggles of a young gay man who falls in love with his handsome classmate breaks the hearts of millions

tear-jerking (adjective)

tearjerker(名詞)の形容詞バージョンです。Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a sad film or story that makes you cry ” と記載されていますね。

・In A Heartbeat was released on Monday and has attracted millions of viewers

・Sherwin’s heart jumps out of his chest to pursue Jonathan, threatening to reveal the boy’s feelings to his crush and the rest of the students

threaten to do

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to be likely to do something, especially something bad or unpleasant ” と記載されていますね。

・When Sherwin and Jonathan are caught with Sherwin’s hear in their hands, other students look on with scornful expressions on their faces

look on

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to watch something happen but not become involved in it ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

A large crowd looked on as the band played.

No, I don’t want to play – I’d rather look on.

scornful (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” feeling or expressing scorn ” と記載されていますね。scornはCambridge Dictionaryによると“a very strong feeling of no respect for someone or something that you think is stupid or has no value ” という意味です。

例文:

a scornful remark/look/laugh

・The creators, Beth David, 21, and Esteban Bravo, 24, made the film while studying at Ringling College Of Art And Design in Sarasota, Florida

A moving animated short film that beautifully captures the struggles of a boy falling in love with his handsome classmate has racked up 14 millions of views in just four days.

長めの太字部分が主語になります。

rack up (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to get a large number or amount of something ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The film racked up five Oscar nominations.

He has racked up 450 points in three months.

In A Heartbeat, which was released on YouTube on Monday, tells the story of Sherwin, a boy who develops a crush on Jonathan, the most popular boy in their school. Sherwin’s heart literally jumps out of his chest to pursue Jonathan, threatening to reveal Sherwin’s feelings to his crush and the rest of the students.

crush (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“a feeling of love and admiration for someone, often someone you know you cannot have a relationship with” と記載されていますね。

例文:

It wasn’t really love, just a schoolgirl crush.

She has a crush on one of her teachers at school.

I used to have a massive crush on my geography teacher.

The movie’s creators, Beth David, 21, and Esteban Bravo, 24, made the film while studying at Ringling College Of Art And Design in Sarasota, Florida. What started out as their senior thesis has become an online sensation that landed them spots in several festivals, and a chance at a student Academy Award.

senior thesis で卒業論文(ここでは卒業課題の方がいいでしょう)です。

また、ここのspotはspotlightのことで、注目を浴びるということです。

start out (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“to begin as one thing and develop into something else” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Some businesses start out as hobbies.

What started out as a part-time job soon became a full-time occupation.

thesis (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると“a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one that is done for a higher college or university degree: ” もしくは “the main idea, opinion, or theory of a person, group, piece of writing, or speech”と記載されていますね。

語学学校で、カレッジに行くための論文の書き方を習っていた時にこの言葉をよく使いました。

例文:

a master’s thesis

a doctoral thesis (= for a PhD)

At the beginning of the short film, Sherwin, hiding behind bushes and on top of a tree, looks longingly at Jonathan, who walks by buried in a book.

longingly (adverb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“in a way that shows you want something very muchと記載されていますね。

例文:

She looked longingly at the chocolate.

I have been gazing longingly at the menu.

Jan sat by her fire, longingly recalling that wonderful summer.

she thought longingly of those days in Madrid.

have your head (buried/stuck) in a book

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“to be readingと記載されていますね。

例文:

Rose always has her head buried in a book.

Sherwin’s heart begins beating faster, so much so that it eventually flies out of his body to chase after Jonathan.

A terrified Sherwin tries to get his heart back, worried that Jonathan will see it and understand the extent of his feelings.

terrified(adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“extremely frightenedと記載されていますね。

例文:

the terrified refugees/victims

I was terrified of spiders.

She’s terrified (that) her mother might find out her secret.

extent (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“the size and importance of a problem or situationと記載されていますね。

例文:

We were shocked by the extent of the damage.

The government underestimated the extent of the contamination.

We don’t yet know the extent of his injuries.

The chase between Sherwin and his heart—which keeps wanting to go back to Jonathan despite his owner’s efforts—escalates until the heart finally escapes Sherwin’s grip and goes after his crush.

escapeはfromがあってもなくても使えるようです。

To escalate (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to become much worse or more serious, or to make something do this ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

His financial problems escalated after he became unemployed.

Sending in more troops would escalate the war.

go after (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると“to try to catch or stop someone ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

You’d better go after her and tell her you’re sorry.

The police went after him but he got away.

Sherwin walks inside the school to find his delighted heart cuddling Jonathan’s cheek, while the boy seems a little surprised by this attention.

delighted (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” very pleased  と記載されていますね。

例文:

a delighted audience

Pat was delighted with her new house.

I was delighted at/by your news.

To cuddle (verb)

Macmillan dictionaryによると” if you cuddle someone, you put your arms round them and hold them close to show that you like or love them “と記載されていますね!

例文:

He took her in his arms and cuddled her.

Couples were kissing and cuddling in corners.

She cuddled the baby in her arms.

Both boys then end up holding on to one end of Sherwin’s heart—and are spotted in this position by the rest of the students.

最終的に、両方の男がSherwinの片方ずつのハートを持ったということです。

hold on to (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると“to keep something you have “と記載されていますね!

例文:

Hold on to the instructions in case you have any problems.

Hold on to your ticket – you’ll need it later.

You should hold on to her, she’s too good to lose to a competitor.

To spot (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to notice someone or something “と記載されていますね!

例文:

He was spotted by local police and had to leave quickly.

The boys had been spotted buying alcohol.

The police spotted him driving a stolen car.

Instead of supporting the budding romance, the other students look down in contempt and shoot Sherwin and Jonathan disapproving looks.

budding (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” just beginning or developing “と記載されていますね!

例文:

The high school jazz group included a number of budding musicians.

budding export markets

contempt (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a strong feeling of disliking and having no respect for someone or something “と記載されていますね!

respectと同じように前置詞にforが入ります。

例文:

At school she had complete contempt for all her teachers.

They were bullies, and they showed contempt for everyone and everything.

Mortified, Sherwin tries to take his heart away, causing the heart to rip in the middle.

mortified (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” very embarrassed “と記載されていますね!

例文:

She was absolutely mortified to hear her son swearing at the teacher.

He’s mortified by the fact that at 38 he still lives at home with his mother.

Heartbroken, Sherwin leaves with one half while Jonathan keeps the other.

Sherwin can then be seen struggling to cope with his pain, until Jonathan comes to find him.

The boy hands Sherwin the other half of his heart, which becomes whole again.

To hand (verb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” to give something to someone by holding it in your hand and offering it to them と記載されていますね!

ここではto giveと同じ文法形式で使えます。

例文:

Sarah handed me an envelope.

The waiter smiled politely as he handed me my bill.

The waiter smiled politely as he handed my bill to me.

Sherwin and Jonathan then exchange a meaningful look as Jonathan’s own heart starts glowing in his chest cavity—hinting that the two will get to enjoy their romance after all.

To glow (verb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると“to shine with a soft light と記載されていますね!

例文:

His desk light glowed in the darkness of the big room.

The interiors of the churches glow with rich colour.

cavity (noun)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” a hole or space inside a solid object と記載されていますね!

例文:

The gold was hidden in a secret cavity.

David and Bravo started working on the film a year and a half ago, and funded it through a successful Kickstarter campaign.

Their initial goal of $3,000 was largely surpassed, with donations reaching more than $14,000.

work on (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” to spend time producing or improving something と記載されていますね!

surpass (verb)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” to do or be better than と記載されていますね!

例文:

India’s population now surpasses that of Africa.

The book’s success has surpassed everyone’s expectations.

Bravo, a gay man, and David, who declined to label herself but identifies as ‘a member of the gay community’, called the movie’s success ‘mind-blowing’ in an interview with the New York Times.

‘It’s really surreal,’ Bravo, of Mexico City, told the newspaper. ‘I hope I give a good name to people from my country.’

to decline (verb)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” to gradually become less, worse, or lower ” to refuse というふうに記載されていますね!

フォーマルな否定です。

例文:

He declined my offer.

They declined to tell me how they had obtained my address.

To label (adverb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” to use a word or phrase to describe someone or something, especially one that is not completely fair or true と記載されていますね!

例文:

We shouldn’t label these boys as criminals so early in their lives.

To identify (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to recognize someone and be able to say who they are と記載されています。

例文:

He identified the dead woman as his wife.

mind-blowing (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” extremely exciting or surprising “と記載されていますね!

例文:

The special effects in this film are pretty mind-blowing.

a truly mind-blowing experience

surreal (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” strange; not seeming real; like a dream ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

Driving through the total darkness was a slightly surreal experience.

a surreal landscape/painting

give a good name to

give something a bad nameの反対の意味になります。この表現の意味は”to cause people to lose respect for something or someone”です。

例文:

few wild fansgivesoccerbad name.

A few badly behaved football fans give all football supporters a bad name.

David, who is from Cincinnati, Ohio, and Bravo, are now semi-finalists for the 2017 Student Academy Awards.

Thousands of viewers have praised the short film, including Ashton Kutcher, who shared a link to a story about the movie on Facebook and wrote: ‘This speaks for itself, even without dialogue.’

a link to a story about the movie = 動画の話のリンク

To praise (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to express strong approval or admiration for someone or something, especially in public ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

My parents always praised me when I did well at school.

He was highly praised for his research on heart disease.

speaks for itself

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If something speaks for itself, it is clear and needs no further explanation ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

The school’s excellent record speaks for itself.

His success as a lawyer speaks for itself.

Others took to Twitter to rave about the movie, with one person explaining it had done a great job at encapsulating a complex struggle in a short amount of time.

Someone else wished for more ‘cute and wholesome‘ LGBTQ films in the future, while one viewer proclaimed that In A Heartbeat had ‘saved 2017‘.

take to Twitter (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” to go to a place, especially your bed “と記載されています。古い言い回しです。

例文:

Joanne says she’s ill, and she’s taken to her bed.

To rave about (verb)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” to speak or write in a very enthusiastic way about someone or something というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

The critics are raving about her performance.

Everyone is raving about that new Vietnamese restaurant.

To encapsulate (verb)

Macmillan Dictionary にると ” to express something in a short clear form that gives the most important facts or ideas ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

It was very difficult to encapsulate the story of the revolution in a single one-hour documentary.

This letter encapsulates our concerns.

wholesome (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” good for you, and likely to improve your life either physically, morally, or emotionally ” と記載されていますね。

日本語で言う健全です。

例文:

good, wholesome family entertainment

He looks like a nice, wholesome young man.

The party are hoping her wholesome image will appeal to voters.

To proclaim (verb)

Cambridge Dictionary によると” to announce something publicly or officially, especially something positive ” と記載されていますね。

例文:

They still proclaim that their policy was successful.

最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です!(電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw)

これをしないと全然伸びていきません!

それではまた明日も更新していきます!

一緒に英語頑張りましょう!

また、英字新聞を読むメリットを僕なりにまとめましたので、時間がある方はこちらもみてみてくださいね!↓

28歳から英語の勉強を始めた僕が考える “英字新聞を読むメリット”

英字新聞を読むのって意味あるの!? 英字新聞で人気者になろう!

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