Girl, 16, who posted heartbreaking pic of prom dress she never got to wear after bullies picked on her because of health problems finally gets to wear it after friends – and 120 bikers – organise party (and doesn’t she look amazing in it!)
・Shannon Purcifer shunned last month’s school prom in Gosport, Hampshire, after she was bullied by pupils
To shun (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“to avoid something “と記載されていますね。
She has shunned publicity since she retired from acting.
She lives alone, shunned by society.
Cambridge Dictionary によると” a formal party held for older students at the end of the school year, at which there is dancing “として記載されていますね。
Who are you taking to the Senior Prom?
A teenage girl who missed her school prom because classmates mocked her serious bowel condition has finally danced in her £470 dress after friends organised a special party for her.
bowelは “腸” です。
To mock (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary のによると” to laugh at someone, often by copying them in a funny but unkind way “と記載されていますね！
Are you trying to mock me?
They were mocking him because he kept falling off his bike.
She made fun of him by mocking his limp.
Shannon Purcifer, 16, from Gosport, Hampshire, shunned last month’s gala because her fellow pupils teased her about her illness.
Macmillan Dictionary によると” a special performance or event to celebrate something “と記載されていますね。promを別の言い方で表現しています。
Macmillan Dictionaryの３番目の意味をみてください。” the people that you work with, go to school with, or often spend time with “と載っていますね。
She introduced me to some of her fellow students.
To tease (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to say something to someone in order to have fun by embarrassing or annoying them slightly in either a friendly or an unkind way “と載っていますね! 日本語にすると ” からかう ” です。
John’s always teasing me about my accent.
Don’t tease him about his weight – it’s cruel.
I was just teasing, I didn’t mean to upset you.
Her mother Claire Carstens, 38, posted photographs of her daughter wearing her unused dress and it touched the hearts of the nation.
un ＋ used = 使われないですね。
To touch (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると” to influence someone or something emotionally, or cause feelings of sympathy in someone “と載っていますね！このように一つの単語でも本当に色々な意味を持っています。
The TV report about the children’s work for charity touched thousands of people’s hearts.
Your kindness has touched my family.
But a fleet of 120 bikers were among those who rode to the youngster’s rescue after a rival do was organised to ‘stick two fingers up’ at the bullies who had targeted her for the past 18 months.
Macmillan dictionaryによると“a group of vehicles, planes, boats, or trains, especially when they are owned by one organization or person” と記載されていますね！
Survivors were taken to hospital in a fleet of ambulances.
Macmillan dictionaryによると、“used for saying that someone or something is included in a particular group of people or things ” と“used for saying what happens within a particular group of people ” というふうに記載されていますね！
I saw a few familiar faces among the crowd.
The suicide rate among young male prisoners is high.
stick two fingers up at someone (phrase)
Cambridge dictionaryによると、“ to express anger at someone in a very rude way by holding up your first two fingers in the shape of a ‘V’ with your palm facing you ” と記載されていますね！イギリスの表現です。
This is his way of sticking two fingers up at society.
More than 100 friends and family attended the glitzy makeshift prom – complete with buffet, decorations and disco – in her hometown on Saturday.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” having a fashionable appearance intended to attract attention “と載っていますね。
He celebrated his birthday at a glitzy party in Beverly Hills.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” temporary and of low quality, but used because of a sudden need “と載っていますね。
Thousands of refugees are living in makeshift camps.
We pulled into a makeshift parking area.
‘It was better than I could ever have imagined. It was far better than if I had gone to my own school prom.
‘There was lots of dancing and I generally just had an amazing time. There were people there I’d never even met who had gone out of their way to help me. It was really emotional.’
go out of your way to do something (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make an extra effort to do something even though it is not convenient or easy to do “と載っていますね! わざわざ〇〇〇してくれるという意味です。
Rachel really went out of her way to make me feel welcome.
Brave coeliac Shannon, who also suffers from arthritis and bowel disease ulcerative colitis, had previously spoken about the taunts she endured by playground bullies after she returned from a two-week stint in hospital two years ago.
arthritis and bowel disease ulcerative colitisは特殊な病名なので、あまり深く考えずにとばして読みましょう。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a cruel remark that is intended to make someone angry or upset “と載っていますね。
At school, he had received jeers and taunts because of his size.The protesters shouted taunts at the police.
To endure (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to suffer something difficult or unpleasant in a patient way over a long period “と記載されていますね。
We had to endure a nine-hour delay at the airport.
She’s already had to endure three painful operations on her leg.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a period of time spent doing something “と記載されていますね。
He came to California after a brief stint as a waiter in New York.
He took up boxing during his stint in the army.
Riders from Gosport Scooter Club were among those who pitched in to help with her big day, giving her an escort from her home to the venue at St Vincent College.
To pitch in (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to start to do something as part of a group, especially something helpful “と記載されていますね。
If we all pitch in, we can finish today.
If we all pitch in, the cleanup shouldn’t take long.
When I bought this house, all my friends pitched in to help fix it up.
She was also given a corsage to wear carrying a picture of her late father, Daniel Purcifer, a Royal Navy Petty Officer, who died in Germany in 2007 aged 28.
Macmillan Dictionaryよると” sa decoration made of flowers that a woman wears on a dress or suit “ と記載されていますね。日本語のコサージュです。
Cambridge Dictionaryよると“used to refer to someone who has died “ と記載されていますね。めちゃくちゃ大事な表現です。
She gave her late husband’s clothes to charity.
my late aunt
Ms Carstens, a retail worker, said: ‘It was even better than we could have hoped for. It was a really lovely day.
‘She got up and had her nails and hair done first, then her make-up and then all of her friends started to arrive.
日本人が混乱しがちな、have something doneで自分で何かをするではなく、誰かに〇〇〇をやってもらうという表現です。
‘We went to Foster Gardens en route to the venue so everyone could have their photo taken.
en route (adverb)
Macmillan Dictionaryよると” on the way “ と記載されていますね。
The ambulance is en route to the hospital.
I stopped en route (to the party) and got some wine.
The bomb exploded while the plane was en route from Paris to Tokyo.
‘It did actually rain in spells but for the bits when we were outside, the bike ride and the photoshoot, the weather was great.
Macmillan Dictionaryよると” a period of time, usually a short one “ と記載されていますね。
a two-week spell in hospital
After a short spell in the army, I went to college.
‘The bikers were just amazing. We’re really grateful for everyone’s help. Shannon was very emotional but she looked amazing.
Macmillan Dictionaryよると” feeling that you want to thank someone because they have given you something or have done something for you “ と記載されていますね。
I’m grateful for your love and support.
I’m very grateful for all your help with the party.
‘There’s no better way to stick two fingers up at bullies than to go out and enjoy yourself.’
There’s no better way ….. than…..
It couldn’t be betterという表現は知っていますか？
いじめっこたちstick two fingers up するのに、外で楽しむ他にベストな方法はないという感じでしょうか。
There is nothing better than the taste of home cooking.
Speaking before the prom, her mother described how Shannon tried her dress on on the night of her school event in June even though she had decided not to go – prompting her emotional Facebook post.
To prompt (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to make something happen “ と記載されていますね。
What prompted you to say that?
‘She had been looking forward to it for months and we bought the dress as far back as February but the bullying got so bad she knew she wouldn’t enjoy it if she went.
as far as back February=２月までさかのぼるです。
‘She agonised over it for a while but we knew maybe two months beforehand that her heart wasn’t in it. She’d had enough.
agonize over (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“If you agonize over/about something, you spend time worrying and trying to make a decision about it: “ と記載されています。
For days I agonized over whether to accept his offer.
She agonized for days about whether she should take the job.
‘With all the things she’s been going through with her health and trying to study for GCSEs, the bullying has just taken its toll.
take its toll
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to have a bad effect on someone or something, especially over a long period of time “ と記載されています。
The stress was starting to take its toll on him.
The stress was beginning to take its toll on their marriage.
‘It started about halfway through year 10 and continued into year 11. It’s mainly been name-calling and intimidation but there has been physical bullying too.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the act of insulting someone by calling them rude names “ と記載されていますね。
動詞、To intimidateの名詞になります。To intimidateの意味は、Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to intentionally frighten someone, especially so that they will do what you want “ と記載されていますね。
‘Having to put up with all of that has been too much for her.’
put up with (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to accept someone or something unpleasant in a patient way “ と記載されていますね。この表現はめちゃくちゃ大事です！
I will not put up with your bad behaviour any longer!
He’s so rude, I don’t know how you put up with him.
Shannon, who is due to start college in the autumn, has to take up to five tablets a day for her illnesses, including rheumatoid arthritis, which was spotted by doctors last year.
ここのdueはもう一つの意味の “なぜなら” と訳さないようにしてください。Cambridge Dictionaryによると” expected or planned“ と記載されていますね。
He was due to fly back this morning.
When is the baby due (= expected to be born)?
The case is due to go to court next month.
To spot (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to notice someone or something “ と記載されていますね。
He was spotted by local police and had to leave quickly.
The boys had been spotted buying alcohol.
Prior to the alternative prom, the head teacher of her Hampshire school said: ‘The alternative prom is a lovely idea. It is a great example of the positive power of social media, and we hope it is a great success.’
Prior to (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” before a particular time or event “ と記載されていますね。
the weeks prior to her death
The questions had been asked prior to my arrival.
The plane seemed to catch fire a few seconds prior to taking off.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” An alternative plan, method, etc is one that you can use if you do not want to use another one “ と記載されていますね。
We are now looking for an alternative method.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）